Main Content

Issue 2015-02

SOCIETAS ET IURISPRUDENTIA – ISSUE 2015-02

FULL VERSION OF ISSUE 2015-02 (pp. 1-195, PDF, 6290 kB)

Front Cover and Colophon (in Slovak/in English, PDF, 690 kB)
Editorial Board (in Slovak, PDF, 311 kB)
Editorial Board (in English, PDF, 307 kB)
Contents (pp. 7-8, in Slovak, PDF, 355 kB)
Contents (pp. 9-10, in English, PDF, 344 kB)

STUDIES

INFORMATION

Information for Authors (pp. 176-181, in Slovak, PDF, 446 kB)
Information for Authors (pp. 182-187, in English, PDF, 438 kB)
Code of Ethics (pp. 188-191, in Slovak, PDF, 405 kB)
Code of Ethics (pp. 192-195, in English, PDF, 397 kB)
Back Cover (in Slovak/in English, PDF, 632 kB)

Abstracts 2015-02

FULL VERSION OF ISSUE 2015-02 (pp. 1-195, PDF, 6290 kB)

Front Cover and Colophon (in Slovak/in English, PDF, 690 kB)
Editorial Board (in English, PDF, 307 kB)
Contents (pp. 9-10, in English, PDF, 344 kB)

Jana Koprlová
Editorial for Summer Edition SOCIETAS ET IURISPRUDENTIA 2015 (pp. 16-20, in English, PDF, 482 kB)

STUDIES

Tatiana Viktorovna Nepomnyashchaya
The System of Criminal Penalties According to Legislations of Russia and Countries of the European Union: A Comparative Legal Aspect (pp. 21-30, in English, PDF, 607 kB)

Abstract: In this paper we consider the system of criminal penalties in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation in comparison with the systems of criminal penalties under the criminal law of the European Union countries. The author touches upon some questions of the classification of types of punishments in the system of punishments, principles of the penal system as well as distinctive features of the system of penalties provided by the Article 44 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.

Key Words: Criminal Law; Criminal Code; System of Punishment; Classification of Penalties; Main Punishment; Additional Punishment; Principles of Construction of Penal System; the European Union; the Russian Federation.

Andrea Olšovská – Miriam Laclavíková
Employment Termination from the Point of View of Good Morals (pp. 31-45, in English, PDF, 733 kB)

Abstract: The present paper deals with the issue of invalidity of employment termination, where the employment is terminated on the basis of a legal act, and where the non-compliance with good morals applies. Although there are formally met the requirements for valid termination of employment, the circumstances involving the termination of employment are those which are contrary to the basic rules of decency or morality (contra bonos mores). There are cases when the employers in order to “get rid of” an inconvenient employee create fictitious organizational changes and dismiss this employee because of his redundancy, or create a situation of a gross professional misconduct.

Key Words: Labour Law; Employment Termination; Invalidity of the Legal Act; Good Morals (contra bonos mores); Labour Code; Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic; the Slovak Republic.

Marie Sciskalová – Soňa Harasimová
Education of Local Self-Government Officials (pp. 46-56, in Czech, PDF, 687 kB)

Abstract: The study is focused on training of the local self-government officials. The intention was to highlight the law regulation which sets conditions for further education of officials as well as for contributing to the acquisition of additional knowledge and skills in public administration. The aim of the empirical part was to determine the occupational structure of the new local self-government officials, the length of their practice, and whether experiences learned in previous jobs can be applied in the exercise of the state administration. A partial aim was to evaluate the benefit of the general training course to obtain a certificate of special professional competence of officials which is regulated by the Act No. 312/2002 Coll. of Officials of Municipalities and Amended of the Law.

Key Words: Official Authority; Administrative Authority; Control; Municipality; County; Election; Citizen; Decision-Making; Law; Duty; Education; Responsibility; the Czech Republic.

Michal Maslen
Transposition of Requirements of the Right to Assemble in the Legislation of Administrative Law in the Slovak Republic (pp. 57-74, in English, PDF, 636 kB)

Abstract: Author of the study analyzes the transposition of requirements of the right to assemble in the legislation of administrative law in the Slovak Republic. He considers within his analysis the conditions set by the Convention for Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, by the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms, and by the Constitution of the Slovak Republic. In following paper he mostly builds on the arguments and on the doctrine presented by the European Court of Human Rights, Supreme Administrative Court of the Czech Republic, and the Constitutional Court of the Slovak Republic.

Key Words: Administrative Law; Assembly; Freedom; Right to Assemble; Transposition of Requirements; Municipality; Prohibition; Case Law; the Slovak Republic.

Kristián Blaškovič
The Slovak Presidency in the United Nations Security Council (pp. 75-104, in Slovak, PDF, 859 kB)

Abstract: The United Nations Security Council (hereinafter as the “UN Security Council”) has been the central body of the system of collective security which is a philosophical counterpart of the system of balance of power. In comparison with the Council of the League of Nations we can see various differences, especially in a way that the UN Security Council can adopt measures legally binding for every state of the world. This body has not just unprecedented competencies, but what is more vital is that it has various sanctions to its disposal by which it can enforce the international law. The UN Security Council is a collective body which has both permanent and elected members. Being a member of it is a great prestige, but also a great responsibility. The Slovak Republic has been an elected member of it only once in its short history, however, it was praised for the role it played during the two year’s term. The aim of this study is to introduce the most important moments of the Slovak presidency to which, unfortunately, smaller attention is being paid than it deserves.

Key Words: The United Nations Security Council; Resolutions; Sanctions; Reform of the Security Sector; International Law; the Slovak Republic.

Irena Kleiner
Comparison of Female Unemployment between Vienna and Bratislava (pp. 105-119, in German, PDF, 831 kB)

Abstract: This study gives an overview of the current situation of unemployed women in the capitals of Austria and Slovakia, Vienna and Bratislava. The comparison between the capitals shows some common problems, like the continuously growing unemployment rates, but also that despite the geographical closeness, there are significant differences. The unemployment rate in Vienna is the highest of the all Austrian regions, while Bratislava has the lowest unemployment rate from all regions in Slovakia. In Vienna the female unemployment rates are considerably lower than the male unemployment rates, but in Bratislava the unemployment rates show only minimal differences. There are also significant differences in the female labour market regarding the educational and age structures of the unemployed women.

Key Words: Women; Unemployment; Comparison; Vienna; Bratislava; Austria; the Slovak Republic.

Natália Matkovčíková
Politics of Health and Safety at Work in the Slovak Companies (pp. 120-127, in Slovak, PDF, 660 kB)

Abstract: The presented paper focuses on the issue of the occupational health and safety (OHS) policy in small and medium enterprises in Slovakia. Health and safety policy is an important tool to support continuous improvement of safety and health at work in the company. Ensuring continuous development and occupational health and safety is an important factor for the economic and social development of the society. This paper presents an output solution of the grant VEGA No. 1/0053/12 – Personnel Marketing and Personnel Management in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Context of Economic Changes.

Key Words: Occupational Health and Safety (OHS); Politics of Health and Safety; Occupational Health and Safety Policy Strategy; Policy Document of Occupational Health and Safety; the Slovak Republic.

Martin Andrejčák
Internal Personnel Audit (pp. 128-135, in English, PDF, 629 kB)

Abstract: Even in the 20th Century a big shift did not occur in the concept of the personnel audit. The Society for Human Resource Management states the following: “The personnel audit is the process of evaluating programs and services for human resources for determining the efficacy or effectiveness.” The usage of the word “assessment” is not qualified and can mislead the manager of human resources to the fact that the audit is only considered as a kind of assessment. Here arises a problem of the misleading definition that does not provide an accurate context for auditing and also does not recognize the different types of audits. The following scientific article tries to outline the internal personnel audit, the different types of internal personnel audit as well as the aims of the internal personnel audit. The presented paper was created within the project VEGA 1/0662/15.

Key Words: Personnel Audit; Internal Personnel Audit; Types of Internal Personnel Audit; Aims of Internal Personnel Audit.

Daniela Trnovcová
Multiculturalism in Internal Communication – Communication Tools (pp. 136-146, in Slovak, PDF, 658 kB)

Abstract: One of the fundamental assumptions for a company to work well is a good communication. Despite a good system of information exchange, problems in human relations and misunderstandings are often caused by communication problems such as communication noise or communication barriers. It is not uncommon that company managers cannot communicate well with their employees. This is shown on the external communication as well as on the communication with company owners. With regard to the deepening globalization and internationalization efforts, it is essential to inform managers as well as their employees about the new information forms, channels, tools, techniques, or technologies needed for an effective and well working communication.

Key Words: Globalization and Internationalization; Internal Communication; Traditional Communication Tools; Modern Communication Tools; Methods of Improving Internal Communication; Information Security.

Jana Koprlová
Applying the Skip Navigation Links in the Context of the Websites’ Accessibility of Central Public Administration Bodies in the Trenčín Region (pp. 147-168, in English, PDF, 1484 kB)

Abstract: The study focuses in its main aim on seeking yet undetected or undefined deficits in relation to applying the skip navigation mechanism on the websites of the central public administration bodies in the Trenčín Region in the context of improving the websites accessibility and it consists of two separate parts. The first part presents a basic introduction to the questions of skip navigation links, with the key attention paid to the following three main areas: applying of skip navigation links, visual hiding of skip navigation links, and web browsers’ bug related to skip navigation links. The second part of the study concentrates on the basis of analysis of applying the skip navigation links on the websites of the central public administration bodies in the Trenčín Region on the processes focused on detection of potential deficits and gaps in the websites’ accessibility or related possible non-compliance with the legislation in force.

Key Words: Websites; Websites’ Accessibility; Skip Navigation Links; Public Administration; Central Public Administration Bodies; Compliance with Legislation in Force; the Trenčín Region; Analysis.

INFORMATION

Monika Jurčová – Helena Barancová
Information on XII. Dies Luby Iurisprudentiae – the International Scientific Conference of the Faculty of Law at the Trnava University in Trnava (pp. 169-175, in English, PDF, 626 kB)

Abstract: Information on XII. Dies Luby Iurisprudentiae – the International Scientific Conference of the Faculty of Law at the Trnava University in Trnava, Slovakia.

Key Words: Information; International Scientific Conference; Dies Luby Iurisprudentiae; Faculty of Law; Trnava University in Trnava; Slovakia.

Information for Authors (pp. 182-187, in English, PDF, 438 kB)
Code of Ethics (pp. 192-195, in English, PDF, 397 kB)
Back Cover (in Slovak/in English, PDF, 632 kB)