Main Content

Issue 2017-02

SOCIETAS ET IURISPRUDENTIA – ISSUE 2017-02

FULL VERSION OF ISSUE 2017-02 (pp. 1-212, PDF, 4672 kB)

Front Cover and Colophon (in Slovak/in English, PDF, 690 kB)
Editorial Board (in Slovak, PDF, 337 kB)
Editorial Board (in English, PDF, 332 kB)
Contents (pp. 9-10, in Slovak, PDF, 355 kB)
Contents (pp. 11-12, in English, PDF, 343 kB)

STUDIES

Information for Authors (pp. 193-198, in Slovak, PDF, 447 kB)
Information for Authors (pp. 199-204, in English, PDF, 438 kB)
Code of Ethics (pp. 205-208, in Slovak, PDF, 405 kB)
Code of Ethics (pp. 209-212, in English, PDF, 403 kB)
Back Cover (in Slovak/in English, PDF, 632 kB)

Abstracts 2017-02

FULL VERSION OF ISSUE 2017-02 (pp. 1-212, PDF, 4672 kB)

Front Cover and Colophon (in Slovak/in English, PDF, 690 kB)
Editorial Board (in English, PDF, 332 kB)
Contents (pp. 11-12, in English, PDF, 343 kB)

Jana Koprlová
Editorial for Summer Edition SOCIETAS ET IURISPRUDENTIA 2017 (pp. 18-22, in English, PDF, 489 kB)

STUDIES

Peter Mosný
Rise of the Hungarian Anti-Semitism during the Interwar Period as Reason for the First Anti-Semitic Law Adoption in both Hungary and Europe in the 20th Century (pp. 23-37, in Slovak, PDF, 647 kB)

Abstract: The results of the First World War had devastating effect on the Kingdom of Hungary. A new successor state, the Hungarian State, was created due to its governmental and territorial decay which was, furthermore, accompanied by political, economic, and social chaos. At the same time, there was an effort to answer the question whom to denounce responsible for the Hungarian failure in the Great War. It was the Hungarian Jews who became a symbolic scapegoat. The continual rise of the anti-Semitism among all the socio-economical strata of the Hungarian nation led to adoption of the first Hungarian, and simultaneously the very first European anti-Semitic law in the 20th Century. It was the Law No. XXV/1920.

Key Words: The Hungarian Successor State; Anti-Semitism; the Hungarian Jews; numerus clausus.

Gustáv Dianiška – Tomáš Strémy – Ondrej Laciak
Alternative Sanctions in the Spanish Criminal Law (pp. 38-49, in English, PDF, 669 kB)

Abstract: The paper is mainly focused on alternative sanctions that are amended in the Spanish criminal law. We think that the Slovak criminal law is not very different in developing alternative sanctions as the Spanish criminal law and this is the main reason why we have entitled the presented paper with the above-mentioned title. The Spanish legal system (and most of legal systems) allows that some sanctions of deprivation of liberty can be suspended or substituted by other sanctions that prevent entry in prison if the offender fulfils the requirements.

Key Words: Criminal Law; Restorative Justice; Retributive Justice; Criminal Code; Alternative Sanctions; Compulsory Labour; House Arrest; Electronic Devices; Spain.

Juraj Jankuv
Key Moments of Development, Present Shape and Institutional Support of International Legal Regime of Outer Space and Celestial Bodies (pp. 50-84, in Slovak, PDF, 826 kB)

Abstract: This study aims to identify and to analyse key moments of evolution, present form, and even institutional support of international regime of outer space and celestial bodies in the spirit of existing customary, treaty, and non-binding soft law norms of international public law. These analyses will allow us to identify the most important problems and challenges of international cosmic law as one of the youngest sub-sections of international public law.

Key Words: International Public Law; Outer Space; Celestial Bodies; International Organisations; International Organs.

Marianna Novotná
Extent of Risk as Criterion of Strictness of Tort Liability (pp. 85-107, in Slovak, PDF, 814 kB)

Abstract: The magnitude of a risk determined by the amount and seriousness of the expected loss and the probability that a loss will occur are one (but not the only one) of the criteria taken into account when determining the strictness of civil liability, not only in the sense of “traditional” dichotomy distinction between fault-based liability and liability not based on fault, but also within the framework of a continuum of strictness of liability diffusing from pure subjective negligence liability to absolute liability without any possibility of liberation through specific regulative measures and mechanisms.

Key Words: Tort Law; Danger; Risk; Strict Liability; Liability Based on Fault; Criteria of Strictness of Liability; the Slovak Republic.

Štefan Siskovič – Matúš Repka – Roman Gorelka
Influence of Postmodernism on Development of the Discourse Teaching (pp. 108-125, in Slovak, PDF, 716 kB)

Abstract: This paper outlines past, recent, and possible future directions in teaching of humanities, with focus laid on the present situation at the Slovak universities. The need of human society to preserve certain quality of education in humanities is demonstrated on the problem of interpretation. It is a frequent opinion that the content of our language is shaped by the interpretation of the world around us, or also of the texts alone. It is a problem, if the subject is not active in the interpretation within the educational system. As a consequence, the informational content of the teaching material is reduced which leads the student to the passive and uncritical acclaim of beliefs of various sorts. This is an unwanted phenomenon not only in the field of legal interpretation, but, above all, it is dangerous for proper function of democracy. Small group teaching is the proposed approach to achieve that the education will lead the students to perform active interpretation and therein motivate discourse and formation of a stable democratic society.

Key Words: Postmodernism; Discourse; Deconstruction; Humanities; Structuralism.

Marie Sciskalová – Soňa Harasimová
Government Policy of Fighting Corruption and Its Impact on Subjects Operating in Public Administration (pp. 126-141, in Czech, PDF, 729 kB)

Abstract: This paper focuses on the implementation of the government policy of fighting corruption at the lowest level of the State and local governments. The resource for the theoretical part is an analysis of government documents, especially of the Action Plans for Fighting Corruption in selected years. An important aspect of the fight against corruption create beside the education of the officials of the local and government administration also prevention, restraint of wasting of public funds, and strengthening of the control in the area of public administration. The aim of the questionnaire survey applied is to find out how officials perceive corruption and corrupt practices, taking into account the government’s information strategy in this area. A partial aim of the empirical research lies in applying of the Code of Ethics in the workplace and of the transparent and open access to information. In practice, it means mainly the use of the National Catalogue of Open Data operated by the Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic.

Key Words: Official; Code of Ethics; Transparent Access to Information; Efficient Management of the State and Town Property; Bribery; Corruption; Corrupt Behaviour; Education of Officials; Questionnaire Survey; the Czech Republic.

Marta Matulčíková
Application of Educational Methods in Further Professional Education with Focus Laid on Support of Economic Literacy of Employees in the Health Sector (pp. 142-161, in Slovak, PDF, 784 kB)

Abstract: Methods of education and their selection are significant element in the implementation of education. Not only the aims and content of education influence the choice of the method applied, but also the participants’ interest in education, lector’s/instructor’s abilities, and scholarship in education. Results of education as measured by the volume of acquired knowledge as well as participants’ interest in education depend on methods applied in process of education. Methods that are highly demanding in terms of participants’ efforts can act as demotivating and can decrease the interest in education.

Key Words: Health Centre; Economic Education in Health Sector; Further Training; Human Resources; Educational Methods; Research; the Slovak Republic.

Miroslav Kmeťko
Unemployment Rate and Investment (pp. 162-172, in Slovak, PDF, 847 kB)

Abstract: Unemployment rate is really very important for financial markets. Its measure can lead to changes of basic interest rates of the Central Bank. Unemployment rate is also very close associated with the measure of firms’ investment. It represents the major signal of possible changes in basic interest rates by the Central Bank. The presented paper offers partial results of research project realised within the above-mentioned area.

Key Words: Unemployment Rate; Central Bank; Investment; Interest Rate; Stock Index; the United States of America; Germany.

Jana Koprlová
Comparison of Applying the Skip Navigation Links in the Context of the Websites’ Accessibility of Self-governing Regions in the Slovak Republic between the Years 2014 and 2017 (pp. 173-192, in English, PDF, 1474 kB)

Abstract: The study focuses in its main aim on seeking of differences in deficits relating to applying the skip navigation mechanism on the websites of the self-governing regions in the Slovak Republic in the context of improving the websites accessibility between the years 2014 and 2017. It consists of two separate parts. The first part presents a basic introduction to the questions of skip navigation links, with the key attention paid to the following three main areas: applying of skip navigation links, visual hiding of skip navigation links, and web browsers’ bug related to skip navigation links. The second part of the study concentrates on the basis of a temporal analysis of differences in applying the skip navigation links on the websites of the self-governing regions in the Slovak Republic on the processes focused on detection of potential deficits and gaps in the websites’ accessibility or related possible non-compliance with the legislation in force.

Key Words: Websites; Websites’ Accessibility; Skip Navigation Links; Public Administration; Self-governing Regions; Compliance with Legislation in Force; Analysis; Period between Years 2014 and 2017; the Slovak Republic.

Information for Authors (pp. 199-204, in English, PDF, 438 kB)
Code of Ethics (pp. 209-212, in English, PDF, 403 kB)
Back Cover (in Slovak/in English, PDF, 632 kB)