Hauptinhalt

Ausgabe 2016-03

SOCIETAS ET IURISPRUDENTIA – AUSGABE 2016-03

KOMPLETTE VERSION DER AUSGABE 2016-03 (S. 1-219, PDF, 4152 kB)

Frontumschlagseite und Druckvermerk (auf Slowakisch/auf Englisch, PDF, 690 kB)
Redaktionsrat (auf Slowakisch, PDF, 337 kB)
Redaktionsrat (auf Englisch, PDF, 331 kB)
Inhalt (S. 9-9, auf Slowakisch, PDF, 345 kB)
Inhalt (S. 10-10, auf Englisch, PDF, 337 kB)

STUDIEN

Informationen für Autoren (S. 200-205, auf Slowakisch, PDF, 446 kB)
Informationen für Autoren (S. 206-211, auf Englisch, PDF, 438 kB)
Ethischer Kodex (S. 212-215, auf Slowakisch, PDF, 405 kB)
Ethischer Kodex (S. 216-219, auf Englisch, PDF, 404 kB)
Hinterumschlagseite (auf Slowakisch/auf Englisch, PDF, 632 kB)

Abstracts 2016-03

KOMPLETTE VERSION DER AUSGABE 2016-03 (S. 1-219, PDF, 4152 kB)

Frontumschlagseite und Druckvermerk (auf Slowakisch/auf Englisch, PDF, 690 kB)
Redaktionsrat (auf Englisch, PDF, 331 kB)
Inhalt (S. 10-10, auf Englisch, PDF, 337 kB)

Jana Koprlová
Editorial für Autumn Edition SOCIETAS ET IURISPRUDENTIA 2016 (S. 16-20, auf Englisch, PDF, 489 kB)

STUDIEN

Igor Ivanovich Babin
Modern System of Local Taxes and Fees in Ukraine (S. 21-40, auf Russisch, PDF, 792 kB)

Abstract: Local taxes and fees are the financial basis of the local self-government. The implementation of the constitutional guarantees of independence of local governments depends on securing sufficient and stable sources of own revenues of local budgets in the legislation. After all, the local authorities are endowed with real powers to impose and to levy these taxes and fees. The paper describes the modern system of local taxes and fees in Ukraine. The specifics of local taxes and fees are revealed. The types of local taxes and fees are analysed. The features of each of the local taxes and fees are investigated.

Key Words: Tax Law; Tax Legislation; Local Taxes and Fees; Property Tax; Land Tax; Transport Tax; Single Tax; Tourist Fee; Ukraine.

Juraj Jankuv
Key Moments of Development and Present Face of International Law of the Sea (S. 41-71, auf Slowakisch, PDF, 792 kB)

Abstract: International law of the sea can be defined as a body of law governing regime of the seas and regulating relations between subjects of international law in connection with their activities on the seas and oceans in the world. The aim of this study is to identify the key moments of the development of international law of the sea, the most relevant features of the existing arrangement which is mainly based on the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982), and institutional support of application of international law of the sea.

Key Words: International Public Law; International Law of the Sea; United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea; International Maritime Organization.

Renata Pawlik
Sanctions from Perspective of Ius Puniendi: Between Criminal Liability and Liability for a Misdemeanour, and Administrative Liability – the Example of Poland (S. 72-116, auf Englisch, PDF, 964 kB)

Abstract: In a system of law, sanctions are defined as a set of negative legal effects that should apply when an addressee of a legal norm fails to abide by an order or prohibition regarding certain conduct. Their essence lies in the coercion applied in order to enforce obedience to a norm mandating specific behaviour. Thus understood, sanctions appear in various branches of the law (civil, administrative, labour, and disciplinary law alike) and, accordingly, also vary in nature. A tendency can currently be observed towards moving away from repressive sanctions; these are gradually being replaced with other forms of liability, particularly with civil and administrative sanctions. In light of the above-mentioned, it is worth taking a look at sanctions from the perspective of ius puniendi, in order to delimit the boundaries of criminal liability, misdemeanour liability, and administrative liability under the Polish system.

Key Words: Ius Puniendi; Criminal and Misdemeanour Law; Sanctions; Administrative Liability; Poland.

Kristián Blaškovič
The United Nations Security Council and Environmental Threats (S. 117-164, auf Slowakisch, PDF, 1004 kB)

Abstract: The end of the Cold War caused the appearance or upsurge of many non-traditional threats to international peace and security. Among these so-called soft threats are spread of diseases, organized crime, and environmental degradation. All of them have affected the concept of human security – that is the security of human beings. Especially the climate change is considered as a threat which may have huge impact on international peace and security, as it acts as a threat multiplier and, therefore, it begins to be debated at the United Nations Security Council. However, States are split and, therefore, these debates are so far fruitless. The aim of this study is to analyse security impacts of climate change and to offer some options on how the Security Council can deal with them. The paper is future-oriented and shows which threats are able to be solved by this organ and, at the same time, it points at the shortcomings of other publications which tried to deal with the link between environment and the United Nations Security Council.

Key Words: United Nations Security Council; Environment; Climate Changes; Environmental Threats; Security; Sanctions; Human Security.

Marie Sciskalová – Soňa Harasimová
Perception of Corruption among Officials of Local Government (S. 165-176, auf Tschechisch, PDF, 703 kB)

Abstract: The paper is focused on perception of bribery, corruption, and corrupt behaviour of local government officials. The intention is to highlight the knowledge or ignorance of legislation related to the performance of corruption or corrupt actions. The aim of the empirical research was to found out whether officials of municipalities and regions are able to define or to recognize the basic terms of this field (theoretical part) and whether they can transfer them into practice. In the practical part of the paper selected model situations and their possible solutions are described. The partial aim of the practical part of the paper is to determine whether an individual can correctly verbally communicate with a party to the administrative proceedings, for example by committing a traffic offense and specifying his/her possible corrupt behaviour.

Key Words: Public Administration; Official; Governance; Bribe; Abuse of Official’s Authority; Bribery; Corruption; Corrupt Behaviour; Ethics Code; the Czech Republic.

Jana Koprlová
Applying the Skip Navigation Links in the Context of the Websites’ Accessibility of Central Public Administration Bodies in the Košice Region (S. 177-199, auf Englisch, PDF, 1525 kB)

Abstract: The study focuses in its main aim on seeking yet undetected or undefined deficits in relation to applying the skip navigation mechanism on the websites of the central public administration bodies in the Košice Region in the context of improving the websites accessibility and it consists of two separate parts. The first part presents a basic introduction to the questions of skip navigation links, with the key attention paid to the following three main areas: applying of skip navigation links, visual hiding of skip navigation links, and web browsers’ bug related to skip navigation links. The second part of the study concentrates on the basis of analysis of applying the skip navigation links on the websites of the central public administration bodies in the Košice Region on the processes focused on detection of potential deficits and gaps in the websites’ accessibility or related possible non-compliance with the legislation in force.

Key Words: Websites; Websites’ Accessibility; Skip Navigation Links; Public Administration; Central Public Administration Bodies; Compliance with Legislation in Force; the Košice Region; Analysis.

Informationen für Autoren (S. 206-211, auf Englisch, PDF, 438 kB)
Ethischer Kodex (S. 216-219, auf Englisch, PDF, 404 kB)
Hinterumschlagseite (auf Slowakisch/auf Englisch, PDF, 632 kB)